.htaccess file is very important for WordPress SEO, Speed and Security. It’s all about Apache Web Server Configration. We can also use it to redirect pages, domains and sub directories. Let’s explore it.
In Task # 25 of our three months absolutely free wordpress training under WordPress Spartans Mission 2019, we discussed the importance, creation and editing of .htaccess file. The ht is for Hyper text. We can upload it to root directory or to any directory (such as wp-content of WordPress Themes).
We also discussed how we can stop bots browsing our directories. How to stop bots from hot linking or sql injections etc. We can also ban certain IPs (sort of blacklisting IPs that try to sniff our content). .htaccess is also used for forced downloads etc.
Use this code for Hot Linking Precaution:
## DISABLE HOTLINKING
# Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteCond %HTTP_REFERER !^$
RewriteCond %HTTP_REFERER !^https://(www.)?your-website-url.com/.*$ [NC] RewriteRule .(mp3|jpg|wav)$ – [F]
A great number of Cache plugins such as W3 Total cache add new entries to this file for caching system, browser and header expiry etc.
#Redirect Old Page/ Post to New Post
Redirect 301 /old page or post title here/(one space) http:// or page or post title/
# To redirect whole site (create .htaccess in the root of old site and put this code in it.
Redirect 301 / http:// or website url.com/
# To redirect from main directory to sub directory
Redirect /index.html or php (whatever the extension is) /sub directory name here/
#To avoid 404 error
ErrorDocument 404 http:// or home page.com/
#Loading sub directory from main root
RewriteRule ^$ /any sub directory name/ [L]
#If someone searches a page on site that doesn’t exist, you can redirect as udner.
RewriteCond %REQUEST_FILENAME !-f
RewriteCond %REQUEST_FILENAME !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
## آئی پی وغیرہ کو اجازت دیں یا روک دیں ##
deny from all
allow from 000.100.1.1
allow from 192.000.1.2
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